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Template:EngvarB Template:Use dmy dates Template:Infobox ethnic group

The Acehnese (also Achinese) are people from Aceh, Indonesia in the northernmost tip of the island of Sumatra. The area has a history of political struggle against the Dutch. Their language, the Acehnese, belongs to the Aceh–Chamic groups of Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family.

They were at one time Hinduised, as is evident from their traditions and the many Sanskrit words in their language. They have been Muslims for several centuries and are generally considered the most conservativeTemplate:Clarify Muslim ethnic group in Indonesia. The estimated number of Acehnese ranges 4.6 million people[1][2] and at least 4.477.000 people live in Indonesia and 81,000 live in Malaysia.[3]

Traditionally, there have been a large number of Acehnese agriculturists, metal-workers and weavers. Traditionally matrilocal, their social organisation is communal. They live in gampôngs, which combine to form districts known as mukims.

Aceh came to international attention as being the hardest-hit region of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake with 120,000 people dead.

Overseas Acehnese[]

Main article: Overseas Acehnese

Due to conflict since Dutch invasion to Aceh until Martial Law in Aceh and 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake, many Acehnese fled abroad. The most significant number of Acehnese can be found in Malaysia[4][5] and Scandinavia[6] countries. Acehnese immigrants also can be found significantly in Singapore,[7] Thailand,[8] Australia,[9] United States[10] and Canada.[11]


File:COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Sedatidans te Samalanga TMnr 10004857.jpg

Seudati Dance performed at Samalanga, Bireun, Aceh, 1907.

Traditional Acehnese dance portrays the heritage culture, religion and folklore of the common folk.[12] Acehnese dance are generally performed in groups; either in standing or in sitting position, whereby the group of dancers will be of the same gender. If seen from the musical standpoint, the dance can be grouped into two types. One is accompanied with vocals and physical percussive movements of the dancers themselves, and the other is simply accompanied by an assemble of musical instruments.[13]

  • Laweut
  • Likok Pulo
  • Pho
  • Rabbani Wahed
  • Ranup lam Puan
  • Rapa'i Gèlèng
  • Ratéb Meuseukat
  • Ratoh Duek
  • Seudati
  • Saman Dance
  • Tari Sewah
  • Tarek Pukat

Notable persons[]


  • Iskandar Muda
  • Cut Nyak Dhien
  • Cut Nyak Meutia
  • Teungku Chik di Tiro
  • P. Ramlee
  • Teuku Muhammad Hasan
  • Teuku Umar
  • Teuku Jacob
  • Hasan di Tiro
  • Farhan Ramadhan
  • Teuku Wisnu
  • Admiral Keumala Hayati
  • Surya Paloh

See also[]


  • Insurgency in Aceh
  • Sultanate of Aceh
  • List of Acehnese people


  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Joshua
  2. Template:Cite web
  3. Changing Ethnic Composition: Indonesia, 2000-2010 page 14
  4. Nasib Masyarakat Aceh di Malaysia
  5. Template:Cite web
  6. Template:Cite web
  7. Template:Cite web
  8. Template:Cite web
  9. Warga Aceh di Australia prihatin Kondisi Aceh
  10. Ingin Mati di Kampung, Rela Lepas Rumah-Mobil di Harrisburg
  11. Aceh-Malaysia-Vancouver: Settlement Among Acehnese Refugees Five Years On
  12. Template:Cite book
  13. Template:Cite book

External links[]

Template:EB1911 poster Template:Chamic peoples Template:Ethnic groups in Indonesia Template:Ethnic groups in Malaysia