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[https://books.google.com/books?id=JDtUAAAAMAAJ Factsheet five, Issues 32–36, Mike Gunderloy, 1989]</ref> The initialism, as well as some of its common variants, functions as an [[umbrella term]] for [[Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures|sexuality and gender identity]].<ref>{{Cite journal|last1=Parent|first1=Mike C.|last2=DeBlaere|first2=Cirleen|last3=Moradi|first3=Bonnie|date=June 2013|title=Approaches to Research on Intersectionality: Perspectives on Gender, LGBT, and Racial/Ethnic Identities|journal=Sex Roles|volume=68|issue=11–12|pages=639–645|doi=10.1007/s11199-013-0283-2|s2cid=144285021}}</ref>
 
[https://books.google.com/books?id=JDtUAAAAMAAJ Factsheet five, Issues 32–36, Mike Gunderloy, 1989]</ref> The initialism, as well as some of its common variants, functions as an [[umbrella term]] for [[Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures|sexuality and gender identity]].<ref>{{Cite journal|last1=Parent|first1=Mike C.|last2=DeBlaere|first2=Cirleen|last3=Moradi|first3=Bonnie|date=June 2013|title=Approaches to Research on Intersectionality: Perspectives on Gender, LGBT, and Racial/Ethnic Identities|journal=Sex Roles|volume=68|issue=11–12|pages=639–645|doi=10.1007/s11199-013-0283-2|s2cid=144285021}}</ref>
   
It may refer to anyone who is [[non-heterosexual]] or non-[[cisgender]], instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender.<ref name="The Handbook of Lesb"/> To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant, '''''LGBTQ''''', adds the letter ''Q'' for those who identify as [[queer]] or are [[Questioning (sexuality and gender)|questioning]] their sexual identity.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/arts-and-entertainment/wp/2014/05/23/civilities-what-does-the-acronym-lgbtq-stand-for/|access-date=February 19, 2018|work=[[The Washington Post]]|title=Civilities, What does the acronym LGBTQ stand for?}}</ref> Those who add [[intersex]] people to LGBT groups or organizing may use the extended initialism '''''LGBTI'''''.<ref>William L. Maurice, Marjorie A. Bowman, [https://books.google.com/books?id=HX9HAAAAMAAJ Sexual medicine in primary care], Mosby Year Book, 1999, {{ISBN|978-0-8151-2797-0}}</ref><ref name="Challenging Lesbian Nor"/> These two initialisms are sometimes combined to form the terms '''''LGBTIQ'''''<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.voanews.com/a/trans-women-march-for-their-rights-in-conservative-indonesia/4894550.html|title=Trans Women March for Their Rights in Conservative Indonesia|last=Siddharta|first=Amanda|date=April 28, 2019 |website=VOA |language=en|access-date=April 28, 2019}}</ref> or '''''LGBT+''''' to encompass [[human sexuality spectrum|spectrums of sexuality]] and [[Gender identity|gender]].<ref name="udayton.edu">{{cite web|url=http://news.trust.org/item/20190426194739-w5zag/|title=Armenia's LGBT+ community still waits for change one year after revolution|last=Vikhrov|first=Natalie|date=April 26, 2019|website=Thomson Reuters Foundation|access-date=April 28, 2019}}</ref> Other, less common variants also exist, such as '''''LGBTQIA+''''',<ref>{{Cite web|title=LGBTQIA+ Terminology - Gender and Sexuality Student Services - UIS|url=https://www.uis.edu/gendersexualitystudentservices/about/lgbtqaterminology/|access-date=2021-01-18|website=www.uis.edu|language=en}}</ref> with the ''A'' standing for "[[Asexuality|asexual]]" or "[[Aromanticism|aromantic]]". Longer acronyms, with some being over twice as long as ''LGBT'', have prompted criticism for their length,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://qz.com/quartzy/1303522/the-new-rainbow-pride-flag-is-a-design-disaster-but-a-triumph-for-lgbtq-inclusiveness/ |title=The new rainbow pride flag is a design disaster—but a triumph for LGBTQ inclusiveness |publisher=Quartz |date=2018-06-12 |access-date=2020-07-07}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Coming to terms with terms|url=http://www.oakpark.com/News/Articles/9-24-2019/Coming-to-terms-with-terms/|access-date=2020-06-25|website=www.oakpark.com|language=en-US}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last=Oli|date=2019-12-04|title=The challenge of generosity|url=https://oliverarditi.com/2019/12/04/the-challenge-of-generosity/|access-date=2020-06-25|website=Oliver Arditi|language=en}}</ref> and the implication that the acronym refers to a single community is also controversial.<ref name="Counseling Lesbian, G">{{cite book |last1=Finnegan |first1=Dana G. |first2 = Emily B. |last2=McNally |title=Counseling Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Substance Abusers: Dual Identities |publisher=Haworth Press |year=2002|isbn= 978-1-56023-925-3 |url =https://archive.org/details/counselinglesbia2002finn |url-access=registration }}</ref>
+
It may refer to anyone who is [[non-heterosexual]] or non-[[cisgender]], instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender.<ref name="The Handbook of Lesb"/> To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant, '''''LGBTQ''''', adds the letter ''Q'' for those who identify as [[queer]] or are [[Questioning (sexuality and gender)|questioning]] their sexual identity.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/arts-and-entertainment/wp/2014/05/23/civilities-what-does-the-acronym-lgbtq-stand-for/|access-date=February 19, 2018|work=[[The Washington Post]]|title=Civilities, What does the acronym LGBTQ stand for?}}</ref> Those who add [[intersex]] people to LGBT groups or organizing may use the extended initialism '''''LGBTI'''''.<ref>William L. Maurice, Marjorie A. Bowman, [https://books.google.com/books?id=HX9HAAAAMAAJ Sexual medicine in primary care], Mosby Year Book, 1999, {{ISBN|978-0-8151-2797-0}}</ref><ref name="Challenging Lesbian Nor"/> These two initialisms are sometimes combined to form the terms '''''LGBTIQ'''''{{thin space}}<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.voanews.com/a/trans-women-march-for-their-rights-in-conservative-indonesia/4894550.html|title=Trans Women March for Their Rights in Conservative Indonesia|last=Siddharta|first=Amanda|date=April 28, 2019 |website=VOA |language=en|access-date=April 28, 2019}}</ref> or '''''LGBT+''''' to encompass [[human sexuality spectrum|spectrums of sexuality]] and [[Gender identity|gender]].<ref name="udayton.edu">{{cite web|url=http://news.trust.org/item/20190426194739-w5zag/|title=Armenia's LGBT+ community still waits for change one year after revolution|last=Vikhrov|first=Natalie|date=April 26, 2019|website=Thomson Reuters Foundation|access-date=April 28, 2019}}</ref> Other, less common variants also exist, such as '''''LGBTQIA+''''',<ref>{{Cite web|title=LGBTQIA+ Terminology - Gender and Sexuality Student Services - UIS|url=https://www.uis.edu/gendersexualitystudentservices/about/lgbtqaterminology/|access-date=2021-01-18|website=www.uis.edu|language=en}}</ref> with the ''A'' standing for "[[Asexuality|asexual]]" or "[[Aromanticism|aromantic]]". Longer acronyms, with some being over twice as long as ''LGBT'', have prompted criticism for their length,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://qz.com/quartzy/1303522/the-new-rainbow-pride-flag-is-a-design-disaster-but-a-triumph-for-lgbtq-inclusiveness/ |title=The new rainbow pride flag is a design disaster—but a triumph for LGBTQ inclusiveness |publisher=Quartz |date=2018-06-12 |access-date=2020-07-07}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Coming to terms with terms|url=http://www.oakpark.com/News/Articles/9-24-2019/Coming-to-terms-with-terms/|access-date=2020-06-25|website=www.oakpark.com|language=en-US}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last=Oli|date=2019-12-04|title=The challenge of generosity|url=https://oliverarditi.com/2019/12/04/the-challenge-of-generosity/|access-date=2020-06-25|website=Oliver Arditi|language=en}}</ref> and the implication that the acronym refers to a single community is also controversial.<ref name="Counseling Lesbian, G">{{cite book |last1=Finnegan |first1=Dana G. |first2 = Emily B. |last2=McNally |title=Counseling Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Substance Abusers: Dual Identities |publisher=Haworth Press |year=2002|isbn= 978-1-56023-925-3 |url =https://archive.org/details/counselinglesbia2002finn |url-access=registration }}</ref>
   
 
== History of the term ==
 
== History of the term ==

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